Renewable Energy Production In India

As of Sep 2017, the renewable energy production capacity of India stands at 61688.96 MW. The breakup is as follows:

  1. Wind Energy: 53%
  2. Solar Energy: 24.8%
  3. Bio Energy: 14.6%
  4. Small Hydro: 7.15%
  5. Others: . 45%

A detailed breakup of the various sources is as follows

Programme/ Scheme wise Physical Progress in 2017-18 & cumulative upto the month of September, 2017
Sector FY- 2017-18 Cumulative Achievements
Target Achievement (April – September, 2017) (as on 30.09.2017)
Wind Power 4000 420.88 32700.64
Solar Power – Ground Mounted 9000 2348.81 13981.64
Solar Power – Roof Top 1000 134.22 790.22
Small Hydro Power 200 9.7 4389.55
BioPower (Biomass & Gasification and Bagasse Cogeneration) # 340 0 8181.7
Waste to Power 10 0 114.08
Total 14550 2913.61 60157.83
Waste to Energy 15 3.21 174.29
Biomass(non-bagasse) Cogeneration 60 9.5 661.41
Biomass Gasifiers 7.5 0.92 163.37
Aero-Genrators/Hybrid systems 0.5 0.14 3.29
SPV Systems 100 66.23 528.77
Total 183 80 1531.13

Source: Ministry of New & Renewable Energy

Higher Education in India 2015-16

The recently released data from the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2015-16 shows a fascinating picture on the status of college education in India. Out of the 799 Universities, 39071 colleges and 11923 Stand Alone Institutions identified by AISHE, 754 Universities, 33903 Colleges and 7154 Stand Alone Institutions have responded during the survey. [Data Source]
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Total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 34.6 million with 18.6 million boys and 16 million girls. Girls constitute 46.2% of the total enrolment. ¬†Here’s how the gender ratio varied between the various courses offered by colleges across India.

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Gender ratio across the field of study offered by colleges across India.
[tabby title=”Colleges/States”]

[tabby title=”Year of Establishment”]
2656 Colleges were established in the year 2008.

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Top 10 courses in India by the number of students enrolled in them.


Analysis of India's Commodity Exports in 2016 – 17

In the year 2016-17, India exported commodities to 233 countries, with a total value of over 17 lakh crore rupees.
Out of the 233 countries, the top 10 countries accounted for more than 50% of the exports. A quarter of the Indian commodities were exported to just United States of America and United Arab Emirates.
During this year, India exported commodities across 168 different categories, lead by petroleum products. The following 13 commodities make up more than 50% of the exports.
Some commodities like Drug products were exported to more than 200 countries. Check out which category of products were exported to how many countries in the graph below.

What did Indian Politicians Tweet About Last Week?

A word cloud visualization based on ~3800 tweets in English, from a sample set of ~4800 tweets during the week of 21st to 27th August . Words occurring less than 10 times have been not considered and common words like https, RT, amp, via etc have been removed.
Some interesting observations:

  • Approximately 3000 tweets or 62% of the tweets contained a link.
  • ~20% of the tweets were in languages other than English
  • Tweets (ones that are not retweets or replies) used in this visualization, constituted roughly 50% of the overall twitter activity during the same time.

Source: Tweets and analysis from my twitter experiment.
Word cloud made using HTML Word Cloud

Foreign Direct Investment in India – Visualization

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major source of non-debt financial resource for the economic development of India. FDI can be in the form of either equity or debt. Recently the data of the last 15 years of FDI Equity Inflows was published on Here are a few interesting insights & visualizations. (All values in millions of USD)
In the last 15 years, the amount inflows has steadily or even exponentially grown, especially after 2005.

Services Sector which includes — finance, banking, insurance, non Finance/business, outsourcing, R&D, Courier, Technoloy Testing and Analysis, and¬†others — received the highest FDI in equity over the last 15 years.

Though cumulatively the FDI inflows have grown, not all years have seen an increase. 2015-16 is the highest ever.

FDI was received under 63 different sectors, over this period. With 61 sectors receiving FDI, 2007-08, 2014-15 was the year with the highest number of sectors receiving investment.

IN 2001, only 40 sectors received FDI. Over the years, the number of sectors have grown and the last year, it stood at 58.

Not all years saw the same amount of investment. In some years, there was a dip of more than 50% and in some other years, there was an increase of 50%.

Last 9 Tamilnadu assembly elections explained in 9 charts

9 interesting patterns emerge when the 2016 TamilNadu assembly elections data is analysed and compared with that from the last 30 years.
In the last 32 years, an incumbent government has never won an election. Though the pattern has been continuing, the difference has narrowed down.
Though women formed almost 50% of the electorate, the number of women voting were marginally less than men.
The number of people voting has been consistently going up in the last 15 years. 78% of the electorate voted in the 2011 election. The election commission is gunning for 100% polling in the 2016 elections.

Barring 1996 elections, the DMK alliance has never got more than 50% of the vote share. In fact, in the 2006 election, DMK received lesser votes than AIADMK though they won more seats.
Regional parties get the lions share of votes and win. The trend is only becoming stronger in the recent years with parties like PMK and DMDK beginning to make a dent.
The national parties have been trying to make a comeback in recent years but collectively they won less than 10% of the seats in the last election. BJP has never won more than 4 seats in the last 9 elections.
Corresponding to the number of seats, the vote share of the national parties have also been on a falling trend. They are trying to make a comeback in the recent years.
82% of all the candidates who contested in the last election fortfeited their deposit. 1989 elections saw the highest number of candidates (3046).

Though women form nearly 50% of the electorate, their representation in the assembly is very less. 1991 saw the most number of women (32) being elected to the assembly.